Saturday, January 18, 2020

What is Kaizen?: kaizen definition

Kaizen

The purpose of this article is to explain the importance of kaizen to the new comrades who have fallen in the article! This training manual is specially designed to explain the kaizen in detail! Through this, you understand the importance of kaizen and practice applying it at your work place, please read this training manual carefully and try to understand it.
इस लेख का उद्देश्य लेख में गिरे नए साथियों के लिए काइज़न के महत्व को समझाना है! यह प्रशिक्षण मैनुअल विशेष रूप से काइज़न को विस्तार से समझाने के लिए बनाया गया है! इसके माध्यम से, आप काइज़न के महत्व को समझते हैं और इसे अपने कार्य स्थल पर लागू करने का अभ्यास करते हैं, कृपया इस प्रशिक्षण मैनुअल को ध्यान से पढ़ें और इसे समझने की कोशिश करें
Continuous Improvement Cycle



What is Kaizen ?

"Kaizen"Of "improvement"
Used for Japanese word
“改善”
"काइज़ेन " "सुधार" के लिए प्रयुक्त
जापानी शब्द  改善


kaizen is a Japanese word, it is made up of two words kai + zen which means change + good (change for good) any change that we can make for improvement is called kaizen. In this we keep making small improvements, which increases the productivity and reduces the weste / rejection. In any organization, every person working in it, whether it is house-kipping man or every person in the staff, who is working in his area, make small and small improvements daily in his area is called kaizen. If this happens then the company will grow day by day. People from all levels of an establishment can participate in kaizen and when applicable, from CEO to external stakeholder. The format of kaizen can be individual, suggestion system, small group or large group.
kaizen एक जापानी शब्द है यह दो शब्दों  से मिलकर बना हुआ है  kai + zen जिसका मतलब होता है change + Good  (बदलाव अच्छे के लिए)  ऐसा कोई भी बदलाव improvement के लिए जो हम कर सकते है उसे हम kaizen कहते है। इसमें हम छोटे छोटे improvements करते रहते है जिससे की productivity बढती है और weste/rejection में कमी आती है। किसी भी organization में उसमे काम करने वाला हर व्यक्ति चाहे वह house-kipping वाला बंदा हो या staff का हर व्यक्ति जहा काम कर रहा है अपने area में रोज छोटे छोटे improvement करे वो काम kaizen कहलाता है। अगर एसा होगा तो company दिन प्रतिदिन growth करेगी। काइज़ेन में किसी प्रतिष्ठान के सभी स्तरों के लोग भाग ले सकते हैं और जब लागू हो तो उसमें जिसमें CEO से लेकर बाहरी हितधारक तक भाग ले सकते हैं। काइज़ेन का प्रारूप व्यक्तिगत, सुझाव प्रणाली, छोटे समूह या बड़ा समूह हो सकता है।
Continuous Improvement Cycle




key to success kaizen 

Reform process
Concentrated inspection
New thinking
Good use of time
Short time achievement
Zero investment
Self development and development
Cost reduction and savings

The Five elements of kaizen

If you keep doing what you have been doing till now, you will keep getting what you have been getting till now.
We all must create an environment of continuous improvement as a company culture.

what are the 5 elements of kaizen 

(1) Teamwork
(2) Personal discipline
(3) Elevated morale
(4) Best radius
(5) Suggestions for improvement
what are the 5 elements of kaizen

How to start kaizen? 

Kaizen has a meeting in which all the department employees are involved. And they are told about why should we do kaizen? What is the benefit of doing this?
काइज़ेन की एक meeting होती  है जिसमे सभी department के कर्मचारियों को शामिल किया जाता है। और उन्हें इसके बारे में बताया जाता है कि हमें kaizen क्यों करना चाहिए? इसको करने से क्या क्या  लाभ हो सकता है।

Why should we do kaizen? 

1. Overproduction.
2. Increasing cost of raw materials and fuel.
3. Producing good and best quality product in low price
4. Producing good quality product according to customer requirement. How can
हमें kaizen क्यों करना चाहिए ?
1.अत्यधिक उत्पादन दवाव।
2. कच्चे माल और ईंधन की बढ़ती हुई कीमत।
3. कम कीमत में अच्छा व best quality का product का उत्पादन करना
4. customer की जरुरत केअनुसार अच्छी quality का product उत्पन्न करना।

We contribute to kaizen?

1. By using the 5s system in the workplace.
2. By making small suggestions in the procedure.
3. By creating discipline.
4. Simplification related to your work.
5. By making things that we do easier.
6. By continuously improving quality.
7. To participate actively in the solution of problems encountered during work.

kaizen में हम कैसे योगदान दे सकते है?

1. कार्यस्थल में 5s system का use करके।
2. कार्य-प्रणाली में छोटे छोटे सुझाव देकर।
3. अनुशासन बनाकर।
4. अपने कार्य से सम्बंधित  सरलीकरण करके।
5. जो हम काम करते है उसे और आसान बनाकर।
6. Quality में लगातार सुधार करके।
7. कार्य के दौरान आने वाली समस्याओं के समाधान में बड़-चढ़ कर भाग लेना।

Benefits of Kaizen

Suggestions: -
1. Production process and machines should be improved. 2. The functioning of the office should be improved.
3. Improvement in relation to new product.
4. Customer should be satisfied with your quality.
सुझाव :-
1. उत्पादन प्रक्रिया और मशीनों  में सुधार करना चाहिए।
2. कार्यालय की कार्यप्रणाली में सुधkर करना चाहिए।
3. नए उत्पाद के सम्बन्ध में सुधार।
4. customer संतुष्ट होना चाहिए आपकी quality  से।

Benefits of kaizen and improvement: - 

1. Function will improve.
2. Work will be easy.
3. Safe work will happen.
4. Unnecessary work will be eliminated.
5. Quality will be improved.
6. Production will be improved.
7. The value of production will decrease.

kaizen के लाभ :-

1. कार्यप्रणाली में सुधार आएगा।
2. काम आसान हो जायेगा।
3. सुरक्षित काम होगा।
4. अनावश्यक काम समाप्त हो जाएगा।
5. Quality में सुधार हो जायेगा।
6. उत्पादन में सुधार हो जायेगा।
7. उत्पादन का मूल्य कम हो जाएगा।

What are the 4 main kaizen principles?

What are the types of kaizen? - 

(1) Quick kaizen(क्विक काइज़ेन)
(2) Stander kaizen(स्टैंडर काइज़ेन)
(3) Major Kaizen(मेजर काइज़ेन )
(4) Advanced kaizen(एडवांस काइज़ेन)

Standard Kaizen is again classified in four parts!


Stander Kaizen


  • Best cost saving kaizen
  • Best quality kaizen
  • Best safety kaizen
  • Best commentary kaizen



⦁Quick kaizen – क्विक काइज़ेन

This is the kaizen that is done area wise inside a department, like the learning center is my department and if I do any kaizen in this department, it is called kaizen quick kaizen. In this, we do not need any team, we can do it alone, for such kaizen we have to spend less money and time and it does not make us benefit too much or for long. Like welding the line somewhere, putting a stopper, hooking etc. all these are covered in kaizen quick kaizen.
यह वह काइज़ेन होता है जो एक डिपार्टमेंट के अंदर एरिया वाइज किये जाते है जैसे कि लर्निंग सेंटर मेरा डिपार्टमेंट है और मैं इसी डिपार्टमेंट में कोई काइज़ेन करता हु तो यह काइज़ेन क्विक काइज़ेन कहलाता है. इसमें हमें कोई टीम कि जरूरत नहीं होती ये हम अकेले भी कर सकते है, ऐसे काइज़ेन  करने के लिए हमें पैसे और समय कम  लगाना पड़ता है तथा इससे हमें लाभ भी बहुत ज्यादा या लम्बे समय तक नहीं रहता. जैसे लाइन पर कही वेल्डिंग कर दी, स्टॉपर लगा दिया, हुक लगा दिया इत्यादि ये सब काइज़ेन क्विक काइज़ेन में आते है.

⦁Stander kaizen - स्टैंडर काइज़ेन

This is the kaizen which is done department wise, it is called standar kaizen and in this we have to form a team of some people and it costs more or money and it benefits us too much or for a long time. And this gives us three times the cost incurred and we do it in every department in the whole plant.
यह वह काइज़ेन होता है जो  डिपार्टमेंट वाइज किये जाते है स्टैंडर काइज़ेन कहलाता है तथा इसमें हमें कुछ लोगो कि टीम बनानी पड़ती है तथा इसमें ज्यादा लागत या पैसे लगाने होते है और इससे हमें लाभ भी बहुत ज्यादा या लम्बे समय तक फ़ायदा होता है. और इससे हमें लगाई गई लागत से तीन गुना फ़ायदा होता है और इसको हम पूरे प्लांट में हर डिपार्टमेंट में करते है

⦁Major Kaizen – मेजर काइज़ेन

This kaizen stander is like kaizen department is done and in this we have to form a team of some people and it costs more or money and it benefits us too much or for a long time. And this gives us three times the cost incurred and we do it in every department in the whole plant.
यह  काइज़ेन  स्टैंडर काइज़ेन की तरह ही होता है डिपार्टमेंट वाइज किये जाते है तथा इसमें हमें कुछ लोगो कि टीम बनानी पड़ती है तथा इसमें ज्यादा लागत या पैसे लगाने होते है और इससे हमें लाभ भी बहुत ज्यादा या लम्बे समय तक फ़ायदा होता है. और इससे हमें लगाई गई लागत से तीन गुना फ़ायदा होता है और इसको हम पूरे प्लांट में हर डिपार्टमेंट में करते है

⦁Advanced kaizen – एडवांस काइज़ेन

We need a very large team to do advanced kaizen and we take a lot of time and in this we can benefit the company for a lot more than the work cost and such kaizen company also shows outside or at state level. .
एडवांस काइज़ेन करने के लिए हमें बहुत बढ़ी टीम की आवश्यकता होती है तथा में हमें बहुत समय लगता है और इसमें हम काम लागत से बहुत ज्यादा समय तक कंपनी को फ़ायदा दे सकते है तथा इस तरह के काइज़ेन कम्पनी बाहर या स्टेट लेवल पर भी दर्शाती है.

5S

Friday, January 10, 2020

What is 5S and why do we want to do it? : 5s system

5S System  TRAINING
 





why do we want to do it 5S ?

5S is short for: Sort, Set in Order, Shine, Standardize and Sustain

5S represents 5 disciplines for maintaining a visual workplace (visual controls and information systems).
These are foundational to Kaizen (continuous improvement) and a manufacturing strategy based "Lean Manufacturing" (waste removing) concepts.
5S is one of the activities that will help ensure our company’s survival.


5S

1. Sort - All unneeded tools, parts and supplies are   removed from the area

2. Set in Order - A place for everything and everything is in its place

3. Shine - The area is cleaned as the work is performed

4. Standardize - Cleaning and identification methods are consistently applied

5. Sustain - 5S is a habit and is continually improved


   Also - Work areas are safe and free of hazardous or dangerous conditions

Some New Words
Red Tag-Process for tagging, removing and disposing of   items not needed in the work area.                                     Lean Manufacturing-concepts that seek continuous improvement by removing waste in processes
Some Japanese words you need to know:                      Kaizen-(pronounced “ki zen”) - improvement
Kaizen Event and 5S Event-Planned improvements to a
specific area or process (usually take 3 to 5 days).
5S Events focus on making 5S improvements.
Muda-(pronounced “moo da”) - waste
Gemba-(pronounced “gim ba”) – workplace

New Words – Continued
Kanban-(pronounced “kon bon”) - Pull type inventory control system.  Items are only produced to meet customer needs.  The request to produce more is signaled from an upstream operation and/or customer orders.
 Value Stream Map - A diagram of all processes needed to make and deliver the product to the customer.

OTHER PROBLEM SOLVING TOOLS
TOC-Short for Theory of Constraints.  Problem solving and constraint management methods.  Use the 5 Step form of TOC to solve problems that you will encounter in your continuous improvement efforts.







 


Before 5S 

After 5S - Cleaned, organized and drawers labeled (less time and frustration hunting)

5S Examples - Sort, Set in Order



See the difference?

1. Sort - All unneeded tools, parts and supplies are removed from the area

2. Set in Order - A place for everything and everything is in its place


5S Examples – Shine


3. Shine - The area is cleaned as the work is performed (best) and\or there is a routine to keep the work area clean.



5S Examples –Standardize


4. Standardize - Cleaning and identification methods are consistently applied


Departments have weekly 4S tours
Every job has duties that use Sort, Set in Order and Shine
We all have common duties to do our part to keep all areas of the plant in shape - breakroom, restrooms, locker area, parking lot, etc

5S Examples – Sustain

5. Sustain - 5S is a habit and is continually improved

5S is a simple concept with powerful results.    
You will get additional information on 5S so that you will be well equipped.
Our experience is that the more we do 5S the better the work environment becomes: cleaner, safer, more organized, the work is easier, less confusion and less stress.
Use the 5S (work\home\play) - The more you use it the easier it becomes and life just gets better and better.

The Good, Bad and the Ugly
First the Bad and the Ugly - Life Without 5S

Improvement (Kaizen) Principles

Get rid of all old (false) assumptions.                                       Don't look for excuses, look for ways to make it happen . . Don't worry about being perfect - even if you only get it            half right  “start NOW”!                                                        It does not cost money to do KAIZEN.                              If something is wrong  “Fix it NOW”.                                 Good ideas flow when the going gets tough.                   Ask "WHY" five times - get to the root cause.              Look for wisdom from Ten people rather than one.      Never stop doing KAIZEN.


5S Summary

5-S is for you.
Clean-up and organize your work area every day so that each new day is easier and safer than the day before
Share your input with your leaders so that the tools you need will be available to you, increasing your efficiency.
Volunteer to help with the 5S tours and 5S events.

Take a good look around...Imagine zero waste/zero confusion!

Thursday, January 9, 2020

What is the difference between bs4 and bs6 engine : BS6 engine working

To regulate the pollution emitted by cars and two-wheeler s, the government of India has put forth regulations known as Bharat Stage Emission Standards (BSES). The Central government has mandated that all vehicle manufacturers, both two-wheelers and four-wheelers, should manufacture, sell and register only BS6 (BSVI) vehicles from 1 April 2020.
In this article, you will learn about BS4 vs BS6 engine, major differences and performance of the new BS6 engine.
Need for NOx regulation

Need for NOx regulation

What is BS6 (BSVI)?

The governing body, Bharat Stage Emission Standards (BSES), regulates the output of pollutants from vehicles plying in the country. The Central Pollution Control Board which falls under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change sets the standards to regulate emissions from vehicles in India.

The first emission standard or norm, introduced in the year 2000, was known as ‘India 2000’ and later, BS2 and BS3 were introduced in 2005 and 2010, respectively. While the first three emission norms were introduced at regular intervals, BS4 was introduced in 2017, after a gap of seven years.

The BS6 emission standard is the sixth iteration of the emission norm and comparatively, it’s a substantial leap in terms of reducing pollution compared to the outgoing BS4. This is also because the BS5 (BSV) has been skipped in an effort to move to better emission norms.


BSVI legislation

· World harmonized test  cycle
· Emission limit: NOx;
· PM, PN, CO & HC
· Useful life
· requirements
· In-service conformity/  in- use emissions
· Certification,  conformity &  enforcement
· On-Board
· Diagnostics
NOx control  monitoring

What is BS4 (BSIV)?

Before we understand about BS6 emission or BS6 compliant engine, let’s understand the current BS4 (BSIV) emission norms, engine, performance, and its significance. The BSES, which is the governing organization for emissions from all types of vehicles in the country, introduced the first emission norms with the name ‘India 2000’ in the year 2000. BS2 and BS3 were introduced in 2005 and 2010, while BS4 norms came into effect in 2017 with stricter emission standards or norms.Among the regulations set by the governing body, emission-related changes included tailpipe emissions, Electronic Control Unit (ECU), ignition control, etc. The most visible change was the AHO (Automatic Headlamp On), this is one of the norms under the BS4 which catered to the safety aspect of the new emission standards.

Difference Between BS4 and BS6

Both BSIV and BSVI are emission norms that set the maximum permissible levels for pollutants emitting from a car or a two-wheeler exhaust. Compared to the BS4, BS6 emission standards are stricter. While manufacturers use this change to update their vehicles with new features and safety standards, the biggest or the significant change comes in the form of stricter permissible emission norms.
The below table offers an insight into the change in the permissible emission levels of BS6 vehicles compared to BS4 vehicles:
Fuel Type
Pollutant Gases
BS6 (BSVI)
BS4 (BSIV)
Petrol Passenger Vehicle
Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) Limit
<60mg>
<80mg>
Particulate Matter (PM) Limit
<4.5mg/km
-
Diesel Passenger Vehicle
Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) Limit
<80mg>
<250mg>
Particulate Matter (PM) Limit
<4.5mg/km
<25mg>
HC + NOx
170mg/km
<300mg>
  

What are BSI, BSII, BSIII, BSIV and BSVI Emission Norms?

What are BSI, BSII, BSIII, BSIV and BSVI Emission Norms?

These are emission standards set by the governing body Bharat Safety Emission Standard (BSEB) to regulate the output of pollutants from vehicles plying on the road. The Central Pollution Control Board, under the Ministry of Environment and Forest and Climate Change, sets the permissible pollution levels and timeline to implement the same by vehicle manufacturers. 
The abbreviation of ‘BS’ is Bharat Stage and is suffixed with the iteration of the particular emission norms. The Indian emissions standards are based on the lines of European norms commonly known as EURO 2EURO 3, and so on. The first regulations with the moniker India 2000 were introduced in 2000, with the second and third iteration introduced in 2001 and 2005 with the moniker BSII (BS2) and BSIII (BS3), respectively.
The fourth iteration BSIV or BS4 was introduced in 2017 and the delay between the introduction of BS3 and BS4 resulted in fast-tracking the BSVI or BS6 emission instead of BSV or BS5 norms. Each of these emission norms has stricter emission standards compared to its predecessors.

The table below offers an insight into the implementation timelines of the emission norms:
Emission Standard
Reference
Year of Introduction
India 2000
EURO 1
2000
Bharat Stage II (BS2)
EURO 2
2005
Bharat Stage III (BS3)
EURO 3
2010
Bharat Stage IV (BS4)
EURO 4
2017
Bharat Stage V (BS5)
EURO 5
To be skipped
Bharat Stage VI (BS6)
EURO 6
2020

BS VI – Steady state cycle


What are BSI, BSII, BSIII, BSIV and BSVI Emission Norms?

Impact of BS6 on CNG Cars:

Vehicle manufacturers will have to make minor changes or modifications to their diesel and petrol engines for the usage of CNG on BS6 vehicles. It’s only a matter of time before manufacturers start offering CNG compliant BS6 engines in the country. CNG powered BS6 cars or vehicles could be a stop-gap arrangement before the era of electric and hybrid vehicles are sold in the country.

How Do BS6 (BSVI) Diesel Engines Work?

The Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) unit converts nitrogen oxide (NOx) into diatomic nitrogen and water (both are harmless products) with the help of a catalyst. The SCR unit uses AdBlue or diesel exhaust fluid to reduce NOx emissions. This fluid is made up of two parts – urea and deionized water. When exhaust gases come in contact with the AdBlue fluid, urea is converted to ammonia and carbon dioxide and in turn, the ammonia converts NOx into nitrogen and water vapour, thereby reducing pollutants.
The AdBlue will be filled in a 10-litre capacity tank in smaller passenger vehicles. Currently, AdBlue is being sold by distributors at a premium rate; however, with the rapid increase in sales of BS6 diesel engines, the cost of AdBlue is expected to decline.

BS norms trend – PM vs. NOx  SCR (or) EGR + SCR for BS VI

BS norms trend – PM vs. NOx  SCR (or) EGR + SCR for BS VI

List of BS6 Cars Available in India 2020:

Ahead of the deadline of the implementation of BS6 compliant vehicles from 1 April 2020, several car and bike manufacturers have launched BS6 cars and bikes in India. Below is the list of BS6 cars and two-wheeler currently available to buy:

BS6 Sedan Cars:
Maruti Suzuki Dzire
Hyundai Elantra
Mercedes Benz E-Class
Audi A6
BS6 Hatchback Cars:
Maruti Suzuki Alto 800
Maruti Suzuki S-Presso
Hyundai Grand i10 Nios
Maruti Suzuki Swift
Maruti Suzuki Wagon R 1.2-litre
Maruti Suzuki Baleno
Toyota Glanza
BS6 SUVs:
Kia Seltos
Jeep Compass
BS6 MPV Cars:
Maruti Suzuki Ertiga
Maruti Suzuki XL6
BS6 Crossover Cars:
Maruti Suzuki XL6
Maruti SuzukFINi S-Presso

List of BS6 Bikes/Two-Wheelers in India 2019:

Here is the list of BSVI bikes in India that has been launched much before the deadline of 1 April 2020:
· BS6 Scooters:
Honda Activa 125
· BS6 Two-Wheelers:
Hero Splendor iSmart 110
Honda SP 125
Yamaha FZ V 3.0
Yamaha FZ S V 3.0
Jawa Perak

  • NEW LAUNCH ROYAL ENFIELD BS 6 2020

                                ROYAL ENFIELD CLASSIC 350 BS6


2020 ROYAL ENFIELD CLASSIC 350 BS6🔥Sound | Safety | New Colors | Price Mileage Spec Review


Why are there no Light switch on BS4 Bikes?

All two-wheelers, including motorcycles and scooters that were manufactured from 1 April 2017 featured the Automatic Headlamp On (AHO). As the moniker suggests, all two-wheelers are required to have the headlights on at all times. In compliance with the BS4 norms, all new two-wheelers will not have a light switch for the headlight, since it needs to be always on. However, the pass and the low and high beam light switch were kept untouched.
The reason behind the introduction of AHO was keeping both the rider’s and pedestrian’s safety. The light remains on during the day as well, which makes it visible to passersby. 

FAQs About BS6 Vehicles:

Here are the frequently asked questions about BS6 cars and bikes in India:
FAQs About BS6 Vehicles:

What happens if you fill BS6 fuel in BS4 car?

You can fill BSVI fuel in BSIV cars or older models. Sulphur in fuel acts as a lubricant inside the engine and burns efficiently. The BSVI fuel has lesser sulphur; however, it contains additives which helps in the lubrication of the engine.

What’s next after BS6?

Currently, there are no new emission norms has been set by the governing body. However, there may be a second version of the BS6 which will include Real Driving Emissions (RDE) cycle. As per this law, the Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) will test new vehicles in real-world conditions to ascertain the level of pollution. Currently, the test is done in a controlled environment.

Can BS6 engine run on BS4 fuel? Does it meet the BS6 emission standards?

The emission from the tailpipe of a BS6 vehicle should match the BS6 norms and this is possible only if BS6 fuel is filled in BS6 cars. While a BS6 car can run on BS4 fuel, it may not comply with the BS6 norms.

What will happen to BS4 vehicles after 2020?

No new BS4 vehicles will be manufactured or registered by the RTO after 1st April 2020 when the BS6 emission norms are implemented. However, existing BS4 vehicles will be allowed to run on public roads. Currently, there is no deadline set for BS4 vehicles to stop playing on public roads.

Is BS6 fuel expensive compared to a BS4 fuel?

Prior to the nationwide rollout of BS6 fuel, it has been implemented in Delhi and the NCR and the prices are not different between BS6 and BS4 fuel. However, this may change once it’s implemented across the country due to input costs incurred by the Oil Marketing Companies (OMCs) towards upgrading their facilities.

Can I convert my old car to meet BS6 emission norms on my own?

You can convert your old car to BS6 standards; however, it requires time and money. Also, it’s illegal.

DOC /DPF Catalyst functional  challenges

1)Diesel Oxidation Catalyst –
· Effective soot filter and reduce PN
· Secondary HC reduction
· Generate additional NO2 for  improving SCR NOx conversion
· Should have higher soot mass
· limit
· Low Back pressure

2)Diesel Particulate Filter–

· Oxidize HC and CO to reduce these  emissions in engine exhaust
· Oxidize NO to NO2 for filter passive  regeneration and improving SCR NOx  conversion.
· Create exotherm through HC injection  to provide the temperature required for  filter active regeneration
· Allow low HC Slip during HC dosing
· Low Back pressure

What is the difference between a Euro 6 and a BS6 engine?

The emission limits for both the Euro 6 and BS6 engine are numerically equivalent, although it could be slightly tweaked to Indian standards.

What is the difference between BS4 and BS6 car performance?

The BSVI engine is relatively cleaner than the BSIV engine leading to lower combustion. Add new components to the exhaust system and it reduces the overall performance of the car to a certain extent, although not that significant. That said, vehicle manufacturers are developing engines which offer a balance between performance, efficiency and emissions.

What is the difference between BS4 and BS6 cars fuel economy?

The difference between BSIV and BSVI cars’ fuel efficiency is minimal. The BS6 Maruti Dzire has an ARAI certified fuel efficiency of 21.21 km/l while the outgoing BS4 Maruti Dzire returned a mileage of 22 km/l. A slight decline in mileage although not significant.

What are CAFE norms?

The Central government has proposed to introduce Corporate Average Fuel Efficiency (CAFE) in sync with the global auto industry. Under these norms, cars are expected to be 30% fuel efficient from 2022 and by the end of 2021, it’s expected to be increased by another 10%. Through CAFE norms, fuel efficiency will be decided on how many litres does a vehicle consume while running 100kms.

Why the skip from BS4 to BS6 and not BS5?

The first emission norm was introduced in 2000, while the second and third iteration was introduced in 2005 and 2010. The BS4 was implemented in 2017, the big gap prompted the government to skip BS5 and jump to BS6 in an effort to reduce pollution in the country.

Do BS4 vehicles require a pollution certificate?

Yes, all vehicles plying on Indian roads require Pollution Under Control (PUC) certificate as per the Motor Vehicle Act.



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Besides regulations, we have the  moral responsibility to pass-on a safer  and cleaner planet to the Next  Generation !!!

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